There are over 800 cattle breeds recognised worldwide, amongst these breeds are both those of which that have adapted to the local climate and farm management system, and those that have been bred specifically to improve their genetic traits with cattle genetics.
Cattle breeds are typically classified into their production capabilities, beef cattle breeds, dairy breeds and dual purpose breeds, suitable for both beef and dairy.
UK native cattle breeds and breeds of European origin are popular with British cattle breeders. Due to the unpredictable British climate cattle need to be hardy, ease of calving is always a priority. For dairy, obviously milk production, as is fertility for breeding. Other genetic traits often relate to particular farming systems preference
Dual Purpose Cattle Breeds
Cattle suitable as both a dairy breed and a beef cattle breed